Gepubliceerd op: 21-08-2013

De relatie tussen speeksel en tanderosie

Bescherming of bedreiging?

Voor het ontstaan van tanderosie is veel aandacht binnen de beroepsgroep. Maar ook in de lekenpers wordt steeds meer aandacht besteed aan deze akelige kwaal. Zo kopte een avondblad in september 2011 zelfs “Zuur bedreigt tandglazuur”. Recent is een onderzoek verricht naar de beschermende werking van speeksel op glazuur met erosieve aandoeningen.

It was hypothesized that saliva from patients with erosion exhibits lower protective efficacy compared to saliva from patients without erosion, based on in vitro enamel softening studies. A total of 645 enamel specimens were distributed among 7 experimental groups. Saliva was gathered from each of 10 volunteers without clinical signs of dental erosion and from 10 patients exhibiting severe erosive defects. Aliquots of 50 ml of saliva from each patient were mixed with sour drops or citric acid, respectively. Pooled saliva, sour drops and citric acid mixed with water served as controls. The enamel specimens were soaked in the respective mixture for 5 min and were subsequently incubated in pure saliva for 2 min. This cycle was repeated 3 times, then the specimens were kept in 100 ml of saliva for 8 h. Surface microhardness was evaluated at the beginning of the experiment and after each cycle. During the experiments, microhardness decreased significantly in all groups except for the pure saliva group. For sour drops and citric acid mixed with saliva from patients without erosion, the final microhardness was higher compared to the mixture of the two erosive compounds with saliva from patients with erosion. The storage of saliva for 8 h resulted in a certain amount of rehardening, with the highest level of rehardening being observed in the group that was least demineralized (sour drops plus saliva from patients without erosion). It is concluded that salivary components play a crucial role in the development of dental erosion.

Bron

Hellwig E, Lussi A, Goetz F. Influence of human saliva on the development of artificial erosions. Caries Res 2013; 47: 553-558. doi: 10.1159/000351634.

Hartelijk dank voor uw reactie. Uw reactie zal in behandeling genomen worden en na controle worden geplaatst.