Gepubliceerd op: 21-06-2013

Radiopaciteit op röntgenopnamen

Vulmaterialen bemoeilijken zichtbaarheid van cariës

Het is niet altijd gemakkelijk om via röntgenopnamen (secundaire) cariës onder composietrestauraties op te sporen. Dat wordt nog eens bemoeilijkt doordat de samenstelling van de diverse vulmaterialen door de fabrikant soms niet excact wordt vermeld. Bij het diagnosticeren van cariës met behulp van röntgenopnamen moet de tandarts daarop bedacht zijn.

Radiopacity of dental materials enables clinician to radiographically diagnose secondary caries and marginal defects which are usually located on the proximal gingival margin. The aim of this study was to measure the radiopacity of 33 conventional resin composites, 16 flowable resin composites, and 7 glass ionomer cements and to compare the results with the radiopacity values declared by the manufacturers. From each restorative material, six 2-mm-thick disk-shaped specimens were fabricated and eight 2-mm-thick sections of teeth were made and used as reference. The material samples and tooth sections were digitally radiographed together with the aluminum stepwedge. Gray values were obtained from the radiographic images and radiopacity values were calculated and statistically analyzed. Post hoc Tukey's honestly significant difference test was used to calculate significant differences in radiopacity values between materials and reference dentin and enamel values. The radiopacity values of all 56 restorative materials were above the dentin reference radiopacity value; however, 4 out of 33 conventional composites and 3 out of 16 flowable resin composites had significantly lower radiopacity than enamel (p < 0.05). There were up to 1.53 mm eq Al differences between the measured and the manufacturers' declared radiopacity values of some materials. Majority of the materials exceed enamel radiopacity and would not hamper radiographic diagnosis of secondary caries. However, manufacturers' data are not always reliable. Materials with radiopacity lower than enamel might be misinterpreted as secondary enamel caries on radiographic images, especially when applied as initial increment on the proximal gingival margin.

Bron

Hitij T, Fidler A. Radiopacity of dental restorative materials. Clin Oral Investig 2013; 17: 1167-1177. doi: 10.1007/s00784-012-0797-y. Epub 2012 Jul 24.

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21 juni 2013
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