Gepubliceerd op: 26-04-2013

Vroeg dentaal trauma en de blijvende dentitie

Gevolgen zijn niet te voorspellen

Na een dentaal trauma bij een jong kind informeren de ongeruste ouders bij hun tandarts vaak naar de mogelijke gevolgen van het trauma voor de blijvende dentitie. Noorse onderzoekers hebben hier onderzoek naar gedaan, 7 jaar na het ongeval. De gevolgen van een fractuur in de tijdelijke dentitie blijken voor de blijvende dentitie echter niet of nauwelijks te voorspellen.

Trauma to primary teeth may cause mineralization disturbances in the permanent successors. To study the distribution and type of enamel defects in permanent incisors after trauma to primary teeth and to examine inter-observer agreement when registrations were based on photographs. Of 266 children who suffered an oral injury to primary teeth in one county of Norway in 2003, 193 were included in a follow-up study to record enamel defects in the permanent successors 7 years later (age, 8-15 years). Clinical examination and intraoral photographs were undertaken by the principal investigator. The photographs were evaluated twice for enamel defects by three paediatric dentists. Evaluation 1: age at the time of injury, traumatized teeth and diagnoses were kept unknown to the examiners. Evaluation 2: age and trauma diagnoses were known to the examiners. Inter-observer agreement was calculated using Cohen's kappa and chi-square test. Of 338 successor teeth, 42% exhibited enamel defects. In neighbouring teeth (339) with non-injured predecessors, 30% were registered with defects. The most common enamel disturbance in successors was demarcated opacities, recorded in 18% of the teeth. Enamel defects owing to a previous trauma were registered in 37% of the children in Evaluation 1, kappa 0.88-0.93 and in 21% in Evaluation 2, kappa 0.63-0.84. The examiners disagreed on a higher proportion of the children when all information on the injury was available (P < 0.001). Demarcated enamel opacities were the most common defects in permanent successors. Although the inter-examiner agreement was good, the results indicated that recordings of enamel disturbances following trauma is associated with uncertainty.

Bron

Skaare AB, Maseng Aas AL, Wang NJ. Enamel defects in permanent incisors after trauma to primary predecessors: inter-observer agreement based on photographs. Dent Traumatol 2013; 29: 79-83. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-9657.2012.01153.x Epub 2012 Jun 8.

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