Cystitis and urethritis - respectively inflammations of the bladder and the urethra - are superficial mucosal afflictions and nearly always caused by bacteria. (Recurring) acute cystitis is very frequent among women 20-50 years. Cystitis causes considerable absenteeism from work but it can be treated effectively with short antibiotic courses. In hospital populations catheterisation is the main cause of urinary tract infections, that constitute half of the nosocomial infections. A complication of cystitis is ascending inflammation of the ureters, renal pelvis or kidneys, which sometimes leads to renal insufficiency.
|Publicatiedatum||1 mei 2002|
|Editie||Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd - Jaargang 109 - editie 5 - mei 2002 ; 184-185|