Treatment of mandibular edentulousness with endosseous permucosal implants has evolved to a common treatment option during the last decades. In The Netherlands, the relative cheap prosthetic treatment of implant-supported overdentures is considered a qualitatively adequate treatment. The aim of the study described in this article was to survey the treatment of edentulous mandibles by fixed implant-supported prostheses and implant-supported overdentures, and to register the different mesostructures used. All clinics of special dental care and all larger clinics for implant dentistry in The
Netherlands received a questionnaire. The data provided showed that more than 90% of patients treated with implants because of mandibular edentulousness, were provided with an overdenture. In 85% of cases a bar-clip mesostructure was used. Cost control was the most important reason to choose an overdenture above a fixed implant-supported prosthesis.