VICRYL® rapide is a fast-resorbing synthetic suture material which is widely used in (oral) surgery. The suture wire is broken down by hydrolysis, making its removal unnecessary. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical suitability of the renewed generation VICRYL® rapide with that of the original generation. ‘Suitability’ was defi ned as absence of discomfort, minimal pain for the patient, good knot security and tensile strength, predictable resorption, minimal tissue response and good wound healing. The trial comprised 120 patients who underwent an apicoectomy at the department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. The patients were assigned at random to a group treated with the renewed generation VICRYL® rapide (n = 60) and a control group treated with the original generation (n = 60). The trial was performed double- blind. Regarding the clinical suitability it can be concluded that the renewed generation VICRYL® rapide does not yield any signifi cant improvement over the original generation.