In this second part of a diptych on bruxism, the focus is on the associations of this masticatory muscle activity with other sleep-related conditions. Its association with the obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) has been a particular object of study. Bruxism seems to play a protective role in OSAS, although the evidence for this is not yet conclusive. Apart from this possible positive consequence, bruxism also has several negative consequences, for which evidence is available to a greater or lesser extent. For example, bruxism has been associated with temporomandibular pain and dysfunction, periodontal and endodontic problems, failures of restorations and implants, and tooth wear. In some cases, these consequences are severe enough to justify treatment of bruxism. In all other cases, there is no indication for diagnostics and treatment, given the possible positive consequences. If treatment is indicated, modalities should be conservative, like stabilisation appliances, counselling, medication, psychology, and physiotherapy.
A. De Laat
|Onderzoek en wetenschap
|7 juli 2017
|Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd - Jaargang 124 - editie 7-8 - juli en augustus 2017; 369-376