Since the publication of a special issue on bruxism of the NTvT in July 2000, consensus has been reached on bruxism’s definition as a repetitive masticatory muscle activity that is characterised by clenching and/or grinding while awake (awake bruxism) or during sleep (sleep bruxism). As yet, however, no consensus exists about the diagnosis of bruxism: sufficient evidence to establish the reliability and validity of the commonly used techniques (self-report, clinical examination, imaging, electromyography, polysomnography) has not yet been produced. Morphological factors are no longer considered important aetiological factors, while increasing evidence suggests aetiological roles for psychosocial, physiological, biological, and exogenous factors. This review paper is the first part of a diptych and is concerned with the definition, diagnostics, epidemiology and possible causes of this disorder. In the second part, that will be published in the next issue, associations of bruxism with other conditions will be discussed, along with its (purported) consequences and its management.
A. De Laat
|Rubriek||Onderzoek en wetenschap|
|Publicatiedatum||9 juni 2017|
|Editie||Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd - Jaargang 124 - editie 6 - juni 2017; 309-316|