In this article the clinical and microbiological effects of systemic metronidazole in the treatment of refractory periodontitis in adult patients is discussed. For this study, 27 adult patients with detectable Bacteroides forsythus and culture negative for Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans were selected. After renewed supra- and subgingival debridement, patients were treated with systemic metronidazole (500 mg TID) for 7 days. Mean probing pocket depth, probing attachment level and bleeding index significantly improved after metronidazole therapy. Patients that became culture negative for B.forsythus showed a significant better therapy response in comparison to subjects that had detectable B.forsythus post-therapy. The maximum clinical response was observed in patients that became negative for B.forsythus, Porphyromonas gingivalis and Prevotella intermedia after renewed debridement and metronidazole therapy. It is concluded that systemic metronidazole therapy can be effective in refractory adult periodontitis. Microbiological analyses of the subgingival microflora in these patients can assist in selecting patients that may benefit from systemic metronidazole therapy.
A.J. van Winkelhoff
|Rubriek||Onderzoek en wetenschap|
|Publicatiedatum||1 augustus 2000|
|Editie||Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd - Jaargang 107 - editie 8 - augustus 2000 ; 327-331|