Gastrointestinal symptoms are predominant in Crohn’s disease. Oral manifestations may also occur. The prevalence of oral manifestations varies between 0.5% and 37%. The manifestations may coincide with or precede gastrointestinal symptoms, and can be subdivided into specific and non-specific lesions. In most patients, lesions are asymptomatic but some patients experience serious discomfort. Oral manifestations can be classified as specific lesions, such as diffuse lip and buccal swelling and cobblestones, and non-specific lesions, such as aphthous ulcers, pyostomatitis vegetans, caries, gingivitis and periodontitis. In many patients, these oral symptoms do not cause pain or discomfort and do not require treatment. For patients who do experience discomfort, pain caused by aphthous ulcers, for example, can be relieved with a lidocaine solution or a 0.1% dexamethasone gel, and corticosteroids can be used to treat pain caused by ulceration or cobblestoning. It is advisable in complex cases to consult the patient’s gastroenterologist.
N.K.H. de Boer
|Publicatiedatum||5 januari 2018|
|Editie||Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd - Jaargang 125 - editie 01 - januari 2018; 15-20|