A 39-year old Antillean woman was referred by her family doctor to an oral and maxillofacial surgeon because of an unusual and painful ulcer in the buccal region of the first left mandibular molar. Earlier that day, she was diagnosed as hiv-positive. The ulcer was diagnosed as an atypical necrotising ulcerating periodontitis. Antibiotics were subscribed and after removal of the first left mandibular molar, the ulcer healed. After several weeks, the patient was referred by her internist because of another ulcer at the lateral border of the tongue. This ulcer was diagnosed as an eosinophilic ulcer and was healing slowly. Both ulcer types are seen rarely and are strongly related to immunodeficiency diseases.